/*====================================== Theme Name: Rubine Lite Theme URI: https://themezee.com/themes/rubine/ Description: Rubine Lite is a clean and retina-ready magazine theme created with usability and simplicity in mind. The theme offers a gorgeous featured content area on the home page to highlight your most important posts. Of course the design is fully responsive and makes your content readable on every device. Version: 1.3.3 Author: ThemeZee Author URI: https://themezee.com Tags: two-columns, custom-background, custom-colors, custom-header, custom-menu, grid-layout, blog, news, editor-style, rtl-language-support, featured-image-header, featured-images, flexible-header, full-width-template, sticky-post, threaded-comments, translation-ready, theme-options, one-column, left-sidebar, right-sidebar, three-columns, four-columns Text Domain: rubine-lite License: GNU General Public License v2.0 License URI: http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html ======================================*/ /* CSS Reset | http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/css/reset/ | v2.0 -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address, big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var, b, u, i, center, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li, fieldset, form, label, legend, table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td, article, aside, canvas, details, embed, figure, figcaption, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, output, ruby, section, summary, time, mark, audio, video { margin: 0; padding: 0; border: 0; font-size: 100%; font: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; } /* HTML5 display-role reset for older browsers */ article, aside, details, figcaption, figure, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, section { display: block; } body { line-height: 1; } ol, ul { list-style: none; } blockquote, q { quotes: none; } blockquote:before, blockquote:after, q:before, q:after { content: ''; content: none; } table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; } /* General Styles -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html { font-size: 100.01%; } body { font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-size: 0.95em; border: 0; color: #111; background-color: #f3f3f3; } /* Links */ a, a:link, a:visited{ color: #cc1111; text-decoration: underline; } a:hover, a:active { text-decoration: none; } /* Form Elements */ input, textarea { padding: 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; font-size: 1.0em; color: #222; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } input[type="submit"] { color: #222; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } input[type="submit"]:hover { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; cursor: pointer; } /* Clearing Floats */ .clearfix:before, .clearfix:after { content: " "; display: table; } .clearfix:after { clear: both; } .clearfix { *zoom: 1; /* For IE 6/7 only */ } /* Make Form Elements responsive */ input, textarea, select { max-width: 100%; } /* Text meant only for screen readers. */ .screen-reader-text { clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px); position: absolute !important; height: 1px; width: 1px; overflow: hidden; } .screen-reader-text:focus { background-color: #f1f1f1; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 2px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6); clip: auto !important; color: #21759b; display: block; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; font-weight: bold; height: auto; left: 5px; line-height: normal; padding: 15px 23px 14px; text-decoration: none; top: 5px; width: auto; z-index: 100000; /* Above WP toolbar. */ } /* Basic Structure -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #wrapper { width: 100%; } #header-wrap { background: #cc1111; } #header { padding: 2em 0; color: #fff; } #wrap { clear: both; padding: 2em 0 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #content { float: left; width: 72%; padding-right: 2em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #sidebar { float: right; width: 28%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .container { max-width: 1340px; width: 92%; margin: 0 auto; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Header -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #logo { float: left; margin: 0.6em 0; max-width: 100%; } #logo .site-title { display: inline-block; font-size: 2.5em; font-weight: bold; color: #fff; font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } #logo .site-title a:link, #logo .site-title a:visited { color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-title a:hover, #logo .site-title a:active { color: #eee; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-description { margin-top: 0.4em; color: #ddd; } #logo .custom-logo { margin: 0 1.5em 0 0; padding: 0; border: none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Header Image */ #custom-header-image { padding-top: 2em; } #custom-header-image img { max-width: 1320px; vertical-align: top; width: 100%; height: auto; padding: 0.8em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Top Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #topheader-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #topheader #header-search { float: right; } #topnav-toggle { display: none; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu li{ float: left; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 0.8em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; } .top-navigation-menu a:link, .top-navigation-menu a:visited{ color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .top-navigation-menu li .sub-menu { display: none !important; } /* Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #mainnav-toggle { display: none; } #mainnav-wrap { background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #mainnav { position: relative; } .main-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; } .main-navigation-menu li{ float:left; border-right: 1px solid #eaeaea; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu a:link, .main-navigation-menu a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu ul { position: absolute; display: none; z-index: 99; background: #fff; margin-left: -1px; padding: 1px; border: 1px solid #ddd; } .main-navigation-menu ul li{ float: none; position: relative; border: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { min-width: 250px; min-width: 16rem; padding: 1em; font-weight: normal; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:link, .main-navigation-menu ul a:visited { color: #333; font-size: 0.9em; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: -2px 0 0; top: 0; left: 100%; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.page_item_has_children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children[aria-expanded="true"] > ul { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-content { line-height: 1.5; } .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget .mega-menu-widget-header-title { font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:active { text-decoration: underline; background: none; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a { display: block; padding: 0.75em 1em; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: #f8f8f8; } /* Widget Styling -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .widget { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1.5em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .widgettitle { font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; padding: 1em; margin: -1.5em -1.5em 1.5em -1.5em; color: #333; background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget p { margin-bottom: 1em; } .widget ul { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget ul { list-style: circle inside; color: #555; } .widget ul .children { padding: 0; margin: 0.5em 0 0.5em 1em; } .widget a:link, .widget a:visited { text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .widget a:hover, .widget a:active { text-decoration: underline; } .widget img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Widgets -------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* Theme Calendar Widget */ #wp-calendar { margin: 0; width: 100%; color: #444; line-height: 1.6em; } #wp-calendar th, #wp-calendar td, #wp-calendar caption { text-align: left; } #wp-calendar caption { font-style: italic; margin-bottom: 0.1em; } #wp-calendar th { font-weight: bold; font-size: 0.85em; } #wp-calendar tfoot tr td { padding-top: 0.5em; } #wp-calendar #next { padding-right: 0.8em; text-align: right; } /* Posts and Pages -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment { margin: 0 0 2em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .type-post .post-content, .type-page, .type-attachment { padding: 1.2em 1.6em 1.6em; background: #fff; } .type-post { background: #f8f8f8; } .post-content { border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Titles */ .page-title, .entry-title { font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; color: #cc1111; line-height: 1.4em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; text-decoration: none; } .page-title { font-size: 2.4em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title a:link, .entry-title a:visited { color: #cc1111; text-decoration: none; } .entry-title a:hover span, .entry-title a:active span { text-decoration: underline; } .entry-title .subtitle { color: #777; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: normal; font-size: 0.55em; line-height: 1.3em; margin-bottom: 0.3em; } .entry-title a:hover .subtitle, .entry-title a:active .subtitle { text-decoration: underline; } .sticky { border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Page Links | wp_link_pages() */ .page-links { margin: 0; word-spacing: 1em; } /* Postmeta */ .entry-meta-wrap { padding: 1em 0.6em; } .entry-meta { line-height: 1.5em; font-size: 1.0em; } .entry-meta span { display: inline-block; padding: 0 0.6em; } .entry-meta a:link, .entry-meta a:visited { color: #333; } .entry-meta span:before { display: inline-block; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; font: normal 24px 'Genericons'; vertical-align: top; color: #333; margin: 0 0.2em -0.2em 0; } .entry-meta .meta-date:before{ content: '\f307'; } .entry-meta .meta-author:before{ content: '\f304'; } .entry-meta .meta-comments:before{ content: '\f300'; } .entry-meta .meta-category:before{ content: '\f301'; } .entry-meta .meta-tags:before{ content: '\f302'; } /* Archive Post Layout */ .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content { border-top: none; margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 67%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta span { display: block; padding: 0.3em 0; } /* Post Tags */ .meta-tags { margin-top: 0.8em; } .meta-tags ul { float: left; } .meta-tags ul li { float: left; margin: 0.3em 0.3em 0 0; } .meta-tags ul li strong { line-height: 2em; margin-right: 0.5em; } .meta-tags ul li a { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.5em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .meta-tags ul li a:link, .meta-tags ul li a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .meta-tags ul li a:hover, .meta-tags ul li a:active{ color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Read more Link */ .more-link { display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .more-link:link, .more-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .more-link:hover, .more-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Post Navigation */ .post-navigation { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; color: #222; background: #fff; line-height: 1.5; } .post-navigation .nav-links:before, .post-navigation .nav-links:after { content: ""; display: table; } .post-navigation .nav-links:after { clear: both; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-previous { float: left; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-next { float: right; } /* Archives and Search Heading */ .archive-title { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-description { margin: -1rem 0 1rem; padding: 1em; line-height: 1.6; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Content Pagination */ .post-pagination { margin-bottom: 2em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; } .post-pagination a { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; display: inline-block; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:link, ..post-pagination a:visited { color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .post-pagination .current { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; background: #cc1111; color: #fff; } /* Infinite Scroll Pagination */ .infinite-scroll .post-pagination { display: none; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span { display: inline-block; margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 0.6em 1em; font-size: 1em; font-weight: bold; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #fff; background: #cc1111; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span:hover { background-color: #333; } /* Breadcrumbs */ .breadcrumbs { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse, .breadcrumbs .trail-items, .breadcrumbs .trail-items li { display: inline; line-height: 1.5; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse { margin-right: 0.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items { list-style: none; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; /* Raquo */ padding: 0 0.5em; } .trail-separator-slash .trail-items li::after { content: "\002F"; } .trail-separator-dash .trail-items li::after { content: "\2013"; } .trail-separator-bull .trail-items li::after { content: "\2022"; } .trail-separator-arrow-bracket .trail-items li::after { content: "\003e"; } .trail-separator-raquo .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; } .trail-separator-single-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\2192"; } .trail-separator-double-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\21D2"; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li:last-of-type::after { display: none; } /* Text Elements -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .entry { line-height: 1.6em; margin: 0; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .entry p, .comment p { margin: 0.75em 0; } .entry h1, .comment h1, .entry h2, .comment h2, .entry h3, .comment h3, .entry h4, .comment h4, .entry h5, .comment h5, .entry h6, .comment h6 { color: #222; font-weight: bold; line-height: 1.0em; margin: 1.2em 0 0.3em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 3.0em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 2.25em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.5em; } .entry h4, .comment h4 { font-size: 1.25em; } .entry h5, .comment h5 { font-size: 1.125em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry h6, .comment h6 { font-size: 1.0em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry ul, .comment ul{ list-style: square inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol, .comment ol{ list-style: decimal inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol{ list-style: upper-alpha inside; } .entry ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-roman inside; } .entry ol ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-alpha inside; } .entry ul ul, .comment ul ul, .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol, .entry ul ol, .comment ul ol .entry ol ul, .comment ol ul { margin-bottom: 0.2em; } dl { margin: 1em 0; } dt { font-weight: bold; } dd { margin-bottom: 1.5em; } strong { font-weight: bold; } cite, em, i { font-style: italic; } big, .big_tag { font-size: 1.3em; } ins { text-decoration: none; } code, pre { padding: 3px 8px; margin: 0 1px; background: #eeeeee; color: #222; font-size: 0.9em; font-family: Monospace, "Courier New", Courier; overflow: auto; line-height: 1.4em; } del, strike, s{ text-decoration: line-through; } pre { font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } small { font-size: 0.7em; } abbr, acronym { border-bottom: 1px dotted #666; cursor: help; } sup, sub { height: 0; line-height: 1; position: relative; vertical-align: baseline; font-size: 0.8em; } sup { bottom: 1ex; } sub { top: .5ex; } .entry var, .entry kbd, .entry tt, .entry .tt_tag { font-size: 1.1em; font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } blockquote { background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; margin: 1.2em 0; padding: 0.3em 1.2em; } blockquote cite { display: block; margin: 0.5em 0 0 0.5em; color: #777; } .entry table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: 1em 0; text-align: left; width: 100%; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { background: #e5e5e5; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr td { border-top: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr.alternate td { background: #f5f5f5; } /* Images | Gallery | Videos -------------------------------------------------------------- */ article .wp-post-image { max-width: 100%; margin: 0; height: auto; vertical-align: top; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } article .entry .wp-post-image { margin: 1.2em 2em 1em 0; height: auto; } .entry img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } .wp-caption { max-width: 100%; height: auto; text-align: center; margin: 1em 0; } .wp-caption-text { margin: 0 !important; padding: 0; font-size: 0.9em; text-align: center; } .alignleft { float: left; display: inline; margin: 1em 2em 1em 0; } .alignright { float: right; display: inline; margin: 1em 0 1em 2em; } .aligncenter { margin: 1em auto; display: block; } /* Gallery Styling */ .gallery { margin: 1em auto !important; } .gallery-item { float: left; margin: 0.7em 0 0 0 !important; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery img { margin: 0 !important; padding: 3px; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5 !important; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0.3em !important; } /* Make Vidoes responsive */ embed, iframe, object, video { max-width: 100%; } /* Image.php Navigation */ #image-nav { margin: 1em 0 2em; color: #333; } #image-nav .nav-previous { float: left; } #image-nav .nav-next { float: right; } #image-nav .nav-previous a, #image-nav .nav-next a { font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f5f5f5; background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -o-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); } #image-nav .nav-previous a:hover, #image-nav .nav-next a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } /* Search Form -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .search-form { display: block; position: relative; width: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; overflow:hidden; } .search-form .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .search-form .search-field { display: inline-block; margin: 0; width: 100%; padding: 0.7em 45px 0.7em 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #ddd; font-size: 1.0em; color: #333; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-appearance: none; } .search-form .search-submit { position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0; border: none; background: transparent; padding: 0.8em 0.7em 0 0; cursor: pointer; } .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { display: inline-block; width: 24px; height: 24px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; vertical-align: text-bottom; color: #777; content: '\f400'; } .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #333; } /* different style for searchform in topheader */ #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { padding: 0.5em 45px 0.5em 0.8em; background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05); border: none; font-size: 0.9em; color: #fff; border-left: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); border-right: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); min-width: 300px; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit { padding: 0.5em 0.4em 0 0; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { width: 18px; height: 18px; font-size: 18px; color: #ddd; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #fff; } /* Social Icons | based upon http://kovshenin.com/2014/social-menus-in-wordpress-themes/ -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .social-icons-menu { list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; line-height: 1em; } .social-icons-menu li { float: left; margin: 0 1px 0.2em 0; padding: 0; } .social-icons-menu li a { position: relative; display: inline-block; padding: 1em; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); text-decoration: none; } .social-icons-menu li a:before { display: inline-block; color: #eee; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: top; } .social-icons-menu li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.4); } .social-icons-menu li a .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .social-icons-wrap .social-icons-hint { font-size: 0.8em; color: #eee; max-width: 300px; line-height: 1.2em; } /* Add Genericons */ .social-icons-menu li a:before { content: '\f408';} /* Default Icon */ .social-icons-menu li a[href*="codepen.io"]:before { content: '\f216'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="digg.com"]:before { content: '\f221'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="dribbble.com"]:before { content: '\f201'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="facebook.com"]:before { content: '\f204'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="flickr.com"]:before { content: '\f211'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="plus.google.com"]:before { content: '\f218'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="github.com"]:before { content: '\f200'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="instagram.com"]:before { content: '\f215'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="linkedin.com"]:before { content: '\f207'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="pinterest.com"]:before { content: '\f209'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="polldaddy.com"]:before { content: '\f217'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="getpocket.com"]:before { content: '\f224'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="reddit.com"]:before { content: '\f222'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="spotify.com"]:before { content: '\f515'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype:"]:before { content: '\f220'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="stumbleupon.com"]:before { content: '\f223'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="tumblr.com"]:before { content: '\f214'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitch.tv"]:before { content: '\f516'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitter.com"]:before { content: '\f202'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="vimeo.com"]:before { content: '\f212'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.org"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.com"]:before { content: '\f205'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="youtube.com"]:before { content: '\f213'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="newsletter"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="mailto"]:before { content: '\f410'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed/"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="?feed=rss2"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.google.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.com"]:before { content: '\f413'; } /* Header Social Icons */ #header-social-icons { float: right; } /* Footer Social Icons */ #footer-social-icons { float: right; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { margin: 0; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; background: none; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { color: #eee; font-size: 16px; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } /* Comments -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #comments { margin-bottom: 2em; } #comments .comments-title, #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 1em; padding: 1em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 0; border-bottom: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-reply-title { font-size: 1.0em; } /* Comment Listing */ .commentlist { display: block; } .commentlist .comment { list-style: none; margin-bottom: 2em; } .commentlist .comment .comment-body { display: block; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; padding: 0.7em 1.2em 1.2em; width: 67%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 1.5em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .commentlist .comment .children { margin: 1.5em 0 0 1.5em; } .commentlist .comment .children .comment .comment-body { border-left: 0.5em solid #ddd; } .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .comment-meta .comment-author img { float: left; margin: 0 1em 0 0; } .comment-meta .comment-author img:after { clear: both; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn { display: inline-block; font-size: 1.1em; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0.7em; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:link, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:visited { text-decoration: underline; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:hover, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:active { text-decoration: none; } .comment-meta .bypostauthor .fn, .comment-meta .comment-author-admin .fn{ font-style: italic; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata { font-size: 0.8em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { margin: 0.4em 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:link, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:visited, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:active, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:hover { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:link, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:hover, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } .nocomments { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .commentlist .pingback { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 0 0; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; line-height: 1.3em; } /* Comment Pagination */ .comment-pagination { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; } .comment-pagination .alignleft { float: left; } .comment-pagination .alignright { float: right; } /* Comment Form */ #respond { margin: 2em 0 0; background: #fff; } #commentform { margin: 0; padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform p { margin: 0 0 1.5em; } #respond .must-log-in { padding: 1.5em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform input[type="text"], #commentform textarea { display: inline-block; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #commentform label { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0.2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; } #commentform #submit { display: block; margin: 1em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 4em; } /* Featured Content -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #featured-content-bg { background: #fff; padding-bottom: 0.5em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; } #featured-content-wrap { clear: both; padding: 1.5em 0 0; } #featured-content { margin-right: -1em; } #featured-content .featured-post { float: left; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; width: 25%; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { margin-bottom: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(4n + 1) { clear: left; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.8em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; background: #f8f8f8; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.8em 1em; background: #fff; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.05em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } /* Footer -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #footer-bg { background: #cc1111; } #footer-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #footer { color: #fff; } #footer a { color: #ddd; } #footer #footer-text { float: left; padding: 1.05em 0; font-size: 0.9em; } /*============================ MEDIA QUERIES ============================*/ /* Small screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 70em) { .container { width: 94%; } } /* Smaller screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 65em) { #featured-content .featured-post { width: 50%; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(2n + 1) { clear: left; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } } /* Tablets (landscape) | <960px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 60em) { .container { width: 100%; } #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 2em 2em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #header { padding: 2em; } #content { float: none; padding-right: 0; width: 100%; } #sidebar { clear: both; float: none; margin: 2em 0 0; width: 100%; } #logo { float: none; width: 100%; margin: 0; text-align: center; } #header-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; margin-top: 1.5em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-top: none; width: 67%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } #footer { padding: 0 2em; } /* Mobile Top Navigation */ /* Reset */ #topnav-wrap, #topnav, .top-navigation-menu, .top-navigation-menu li, .top-navigation-menu a, .top-navigation-menu ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: 0; left: 0; } #topnav { float: none; } #topnav-toggle { float: left; display: inline-block; margin: 0; padding: 0.6em 0.8em 0.7em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; color: #fff; background: none; border: none; } #topnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } #topnav-toggle:after { float: left; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 16px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; display: none; width: 100%; border-top: 1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.08); } .top-navigation-menu a { float: left; display: block; padding: 0.7em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; margin-bottom: 1px; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } /* Mobile Main Navigation */ /* Reset */ #mainnav, .main-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu a, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu ul a, .main-navigation-menu ul ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: auto; left: auto; } .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget { position: static; display: block; left: auto; top: auto; clear: left; } #mainnav { margin: 1.5em 0; float: none; } #mainnav-toggle { display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1em; width: 100%; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; text-align: left; line-height: 1.5; background: #f8f8f8; border: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #mainnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: #fff; } #mainnav-toggle:after { float: right; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 24px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .main-navigation-menu { width: 100%; display: none; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; clear: left; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu ul { float: left; padding: 1em 0; width: 100%; background: #f8f8f8; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { display: block; width: 100%; padding: 1em 1em 1em 2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: normal; border-bottom: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li ul { float: left; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul a { padding-left: 4em; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul ul a { padding-left: 6em; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle { float: right; display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1.15em 1.5em; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover:before { color: #777; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 20px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: middle; content: '\f510'; color: #222; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle.active:before { content: '\f50e'; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle { padding: 0.55em 1.2em; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 16px; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-two-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-three-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-five-columns > li { width: 100%; } .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 50%; } } /* Tablets (portrait) | <800px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 50em) { #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.3em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } .page-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.4em; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } .entry tr td { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 40em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.3em 1.3em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 20px; vertical-align: middle; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1.5em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.6em; } #footer-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; } #footer #footer-text { float: none; text-align: center; padding: 0.7em 0 1.4em; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 100%; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 34em) { #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.4em; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.6em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.0em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { max-width: 45%; margin-right: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 30em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image, #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1em 1em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.7em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 16px; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.6em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.65em; } #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.0em; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { min-width: 0; } .alignright, .alignleft { float: none; margin: 1em 0; } .entry-meta span, .postinfo span { display: block; } .postinfo .meta-comments { float: none; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 28em) { .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0; background: #fff; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.1em; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 0.95em; } } /* Big Screens Navi Fix | >720px */ @media only screen and (min-width: 60.001em) { /* ensure #nav is visible on desktop version */ .top-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu { display: block !important; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover a { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } }

Expressive art therapy the rosebush technique

The reason for this paper is to analyze Expressive Art therapy and to present one structured art work activity, the Rosebush fantasy, which is an efficient strategy verified in school guidance. Allowing kids to draw is providing them with the opportunity to use another language to talk about feelings, strategies, perceptions, fantasies, and observations of how they check out themselves, others and the environment within an effective, non-threatening method. The rosebush fantasy approach is utilized as an expressive art therapy method to access the emotional community of kids in a non-verbal way (Ray et al., 2004, p.277).

Clients with various issues could be reached through expressive fine art therapy as a tool for awakening dormant creativeness which can be utilised through artistic self-expression. It restores the imaginative/inspiration that clients retail outlet deep within by expressing through fine art www.testmyprep.com. Psychotherapy can assist clientele verbalizing their unspoken and unresolved conflicts whereas expressive art work therapy will assist the customers to express themselves in a innovative understanding without relying on verbal means. Clients of all ages can use expressive art therapy to gain a better understanding of their unconscious through interpretation within their artwork that may demonstrate developmental phases and of psychic structure. This therapy is mean for how to write a tok essay: tips accessing unseen assets and could provide clients an instrument for expressing their interior conflicts they can apply throughout their lifespan art therapy is an engaging and effective way for many clients, children and parents to create art that’s meaningful and have an emotional effect. This is a way for clients to be more aware of their self perception. Kids may be more receptive to expressive art work therapy than adult consumers who may choose the verbal approach, but clients of all ages can reap the benefits of art therapy. These therapies also help the study of the ego and the partnership between graphic form and character creation (Synder, 1997, p. 74).

According to Corey (2009), Carl Roger’s theory of creativeness is using expressive fine art to enhance personal growth for folks and teams. Carl Rogers approach referred to as expressive art therapy broadens the person-centered method of spontaneous creative expression that symbolizes deep, inaccessible feelings and emotional states. Drawing, moving, music, painting, sculpting, posting and improvisation are all various artistic forms found in expressive art therapy. This process is to integrate the mind, body and spirit and so are based on the humanistic principles but given fuller contact form to Carl Roger’s notion of imagination (p.181). Through the use of creative approaches to counseling pupils respond positively. Traditional chat therapy is not as effective as art therapy. Artwork allows the child to hook up with the counselor through pictures instead of words. Counselors developed another non-verbal technique for children who usually do not possess the developmental ability to integrate sense, thoughts, and experiences (Ray et al., 2004, p. 277).

According to Ray et al. (2004), J. Stevens saw that adults have a tendency to alienate unpleasant experiences which were triggering distress to themselves. Rosebush Identification Fantasy was created so that individuals could reconnect with those distressing aspects of their experience. He reported that the participant’s responses to the rosebush work out were due to their own projection of their private experiences. Participants imagined themselves as a rosebush and determined their activities onto the rosebush. V. Oaklander, a Gestalt child therapist, recognized that both customer and therapist can have a great time through fantasy and the procedure of expression of feelings. She adapted the rosebush Identification fantasy for the use of children. The technique can be utilized to expose the child’s subjective phenomenological universe by using this art activity. This system allows the kid to communicate and share themselves with the counselor in a non-traditional formatting (Ray et al., 2004, p. 277).

The rosebush fantasy drawing commences with a brief relaxation exercise that targets muscle relaxation and concentration on breathing. Participating in soothing music in the backdrop can be helpful to relax children and allows them to clean their minds of intervening thoughts. The therapist will ask specific question that may define the personal as the rosebush such as, "What sort of rosebush happen to be you?" "Are you little or big?" "Have you got flowers?" "Who’s taking care of you?" "Do you have thorns?" When the counselor feels that the child has taken enough time to process those questions they ask the kid to open their eyes and attract themselves as the rosebush. The counselor allows enough time to total the drawing. The meaning of this exercise is how the child interprets and explains the rosebush. The counselor may request the child to spell it out the rosebush. The counselor may create the creativity by having the child tell a story of the rosebush and what sort of environment the rosebush is usually in. If the counselor try to connect the child’s drawing to their real-life situation the kid may become threatened. The counselor may also ask, "Will there be anything in this drawing that reminds you of your lifestyle?" (Ray et al., 2004, p. 277).

Drawings can easily bring to surface problems highly relevant to counseling that can increase the counselor’s capability to mediate effectively with the client. Direct questions can be threatening when asking children their actual situation. By using their descriptions of their rosebush fantasy, drawing becomes less threatening. By allowing the kid to attract a fantasy the child has emotional length from the truth of life. The kid has the ability to express details verbally about the rosebush that correlates with their view of self in a safe approach. The rosebush technique could be presented in an individual or group program. In an individual session the therapist can own a better knowledge of the client’s world. To help figure out perspectives of others and promote themselves to others, this technique is beneficial for an organization file format (Ray et al., 2004, p. 277).

The rosebush approach allows consumers to use another terminology expressing their feelings, thoughts, emotions and perceptions of how they observe the world. Art drawing is a car to help clients channel their emotions in a non-verbal method and allows your client to feel secure with the counselor. Expressive skill remedy is an effective way of counseling that does not involve in traditional verbal communication between counselor and consumer. It allows your client to feel safe in a non-threatening approach to express ones hidden feelings through art work.

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