/*====================================== Theme Name: Rubine Lite Theme URI: https://themezee.com/themes/rubine/ Description: Rubine Lite is a clean and retina-ready magazine theme created with usability and simplicity in mind. The theme offers a gorgeous featured content area on the home page to highlight your most important posts. Of course the design is fully responsive and makes your content readable on every device. Version: 1.3.3 Author: ThemeZee Author URI: https://themezee.com Tags: two-columns, custom-background, custom-colors, custom-header, custom-menu, grid-layout, blog, news, editor-style, rtl-language-support, featured-image-header, featured-images, flexible-header, full-width-template, sticky-post, threaded-comments, translation-ready, theme-options, one-column, left-sidebar, right-sidebar, three-columns, four-columns Text Domain: rubine-lite License: GNU General Public License v2.0 License URI: http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html ======================================*/ /* CSS Reset | http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/css/reset/ | v2.0 -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address, big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var, b, u, i, center, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li, fieldset, form, label, legend, table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td, article, aside, canvas, details, embed, figure, figcaption, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, output, ruby, section, summary, time, mark, audio, video { margin: 0; padding: 0; border: 0; font-size: 100%; font: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; } /* HTML5 display-role reset for older browsers */ article, aside, details, figcaption, figure, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, section { display: block; } body { line-height: 1; } ol, ul { list-style: none; } blockquote, q { quotes: none; } blockquote:before, blockquote:after, q:before, q:after { content: ''; content: none; } table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; } /* General Styles -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html { font-size: 100.01%; } body { font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-size: 0.95em; border: 0; color: #111; background-color: #f3f3f3; } /* Links */ a, a:link, a:visited{ color: #cc1111; text-decoration: underline; } a:hover, a:active { text-decoration: none; } /* Form Elements */ input, textarea { padding: 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; font-size: 1.0em; color: #222; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } input[type="submit"] { color: #222; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } input[type="submit"]:hover { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; cursor: pointer; } /* Clearing Floats */ .clearfix:before, .clearfix:after { content: " "; display: table; } .clearfix:after { clear: both; } .clearfix { *zoom: 1; /* For IE 6/7 only */ } /* Make Form Elements responsive */ input, textarea, select { max-width: 100%; } /* Text meant only for screen readers. */ .screen-reader-text { clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px); position: absolute !important; height: 1px; width: 1px; overflow: hidden; } .screen-reader-text:focus { background-color: #f1f1f1; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 2px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6); clip: auto !important; color: #21759b; display: block; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; font-weight: bold; height: auto; left: 5px; line-height: normal; padding: 15px 23px 14px; text-decoration: none; top: 5px; width: auto; z-index: 100000; /* Above WP toolbar. */ } /* Basic Structure -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #wrapper { width: 100%; } #header-wrap { background: #cc1111; } #header { padding: 2em 0; color: #fff; } #wrap { clear: both; padding: 2em 0 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #content { float: left; width: 72%; padding-right: 2em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #sidebar { float: right; width: 28%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .container { max-width: 1340px; width: 92%; margin: 0 auto; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Header -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #logo { float: left; margin: 0.6em 0; max-width: 100%; } #logo .site-title { display: inline-block; font-size: 2.5em; font-weight: bold; color: #fff; font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } #logo .site-title a:link, #logo .site-title a:visited { color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-title a:hover, #logo .site-title a:active { color: #eee; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-description { margin-top: 0.4em; color: #ddd; } #logo .custom-logo { margin: 0 1.5em 0 0; padding: 0; border: none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Header Image */ #custom-header-image { padding-top: 2em; } #custom-header-image img { max-width: 1320px; vertical-align: top; width: 100%; height: auto; padding: 0.8em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Top Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #topheader-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #topheader #header-search { float: right; } #topnav-toggle { display: none; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu li{ float: left; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 0.8em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; } .top-navigation-menu a:link, .top-navigation-menu a:visited{ color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .top-navigation-menu li .sub-menu { display: none !important; } /* Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #mainnav-toggle { display: none; } #mainnav-wrap { background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #mainnav { position: relative; } .main-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; } .main-navigation-menu li{ float:left; border-right: 1px solid #eaeaea; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu a:link, .main-navigation-menu a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu ul { position: absolute; display: none; z-index: 99; background: #fff; margin-left: -1px; padding: 1px; border: 1px solid #ddd; } .main-navigation-menu ul li{ float: none; position: relative; border: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { min-width: 250px; min-width: 16rem; padding: 1em; font-weight: normal; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:link, .main-navigation-menu ul a:visited { color: #333; font-size: 0.9em; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: -2px 0 0; top: 0; left: 100%; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.page_item_has_children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children[aria-expanded="true"] > ul { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-content { line-height: 1.5; } .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget .mega-menu-widget-header-title { font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:active { text-decoration: underline; background: none; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a { display: block; padding: 0.75em 1em; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: #f8f8f8; } /* Widget Styling -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .widget { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1.5em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .widgettitle { font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; padding: 1em; margin: -1.5em -1.5em 1.5em -1.5em; color: #333; background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget p { margin-bottom: 1em; } .widget ul { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget ul { list-style: circle inside; color: #555; } .widget ul .children { padding: 0; margin: 0.5em 0 0.5em 1em; } .widget a:link, .widget a:visited { text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .widget a:hover, .widget a:active { text-decoration: underline; } .widget img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Widgets -------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* Theme Calendar Widget */ #wp-calendar { margin: 0; width: 100%; color: #444; line-height: 1.6em; } #wp-calendar th, #wp-calendar td, #wp-calendar caption { text-align: left; } #wp-calendar caption { font-style: italic; margin-bottom: 0.1em; } #wp-calendar th { font-weight: bold; font-size: 0.85em; } #wp-calendar tfoot tr td { padding-top: 0.5em; } #wp-calendar #next { padding-right: 0.8em; text-align: right; } /* Posts and Pages -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment { margin: 0 0 2em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .type-post .post-content, .type-page, .type-attachment { padding: 1.2em 1.6em 1.6em; background: #fff; } .type-post { background: #f8f8f8; } .post-content { border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Titles */ .page-title, .entry-title { font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; color: #cc1111; line-height: 1.4em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; text-decoration: none; } .page-title { font-size: 2.4em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title a:link, .entry-title a:visited { color: #cc1111; text-decoration: none; } .entry-title a:hover span, .entry-title a:active span { text-decoration: underline; } .entry-title .subtitle { color: #777; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: normal; font-size: 0.55em; line-height: 1.3em; margin-bottom: 0.3em; } .entry-title a:hover .subtitle, .entry-title a:active .subtitle { text-decoration: underline; } .sticky { border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Page Links | wp_link_pages() */ .page-links { margin: 0; word-spacing: 1em; } /* Postmeta */ .entry-meta-wrap { padding: 1em 0.6em; } .entry-meta { line-height: 1.5em; font-size: 1.0em; } .entry-meta span { display: inline-block; padding: 0 0.6em; } .entry-meta a:link, .entry-meta a:visited { color: #333; } .entry-meta span:before { display: inline-block; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; font: normal 24px 'Genericons'; vertical-align: top; color: #333; margin: 0 0.2em -0.2em 0; } .entry-meta .meta-date:before{ content: '\f307'; } .entry-meta .meta-author:before{ content: '\f304'; } .entry-meta .meta-comments:before{ content: '\f300'; } .entry-meta .meta-category:before{ content: '\f301'; } .entry-meta .meta-tags:before{ content: '\f302'; } /* Archive Post Layout */ .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content { border-top: none; margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 67%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta span { display: block; padding: 0.3em 0; } /* Post Tags */ .meta-tags { margin-top: 0.8em; } .meta-tags ul { float: left; } .meta-tags ul li { float: left; margin: 0.3em 0.3em 0 0; } .meta-tags ul li strong { line-height: 2em; margin-right: 0.5em; } .meta-tags ul li a { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.5em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .meta-tags ul li a:link, .meta-tags ul li a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .meta-tags ul li a:hover, .meta-tags ul li a:active{ color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Read more Link */ .more-link { display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .more-link:link, .more-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .more-link:hover, .more-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Post Navigation */ .post-navigation { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; color: #222; background: #fff; line-height: 1.5; } .post-navigation .nav-links:before, .post-navigation .nav-links:after { content: ""; display: table; } .post-navigation .nav-links:after { clear: both; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-previous { float: left; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-next { float: right; } /* Archives and Search Heading */ .archive-title { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-description { margin: -1rem 0 1rem; padding: 1em; line-height: 1.6; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Content Pagination */ .post-pagination { margin-bottom: 2em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; } .post-pagination a { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; display: inline-block; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:link, ..post-pagination a:visited { color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .post-pagination .current { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; background: #cc1111; color: #fff; } /* Infinite Scroll Pagination */ .infinite-scroll .post-pagination { display: none; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span { display: inline-block; margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 0.6em 1em; font-size: 1em; font-weight: bold; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #fff; background: #cc1111; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span:hover { background-color: #333; } /* Breadcrumbs */ .breadcrumbs { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse, .breadcrumbs .trail-items, .breadcrumbs .trail-items li { display: inline; line-height: 1.5; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse { margin-right: 0.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items { list-style: none; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; /* Raquo */ padding: 0 0.5em; } .trail-separator-slash .trail-items li::after { content: "\002F"; } .trail-separator-dash .trail-items li::after { content: "\2013"; } .trail-separator-bull .trail-items li::after { content: "\2022"; } .trail-separator-arrow-bracket .trail-items li::after { content: "\003e"; } .trail-separator-raquo .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; } .trail-separator-single-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\2192"; } .trail-separator-double-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\21D2"; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li:last-of-type::after { display: none; } /* Text Elements -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .entry { line-height: 1.6em; margin: 0; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .entry p, .comment p { margin: 0.75em 0; } .entry h1, .comment h1, .entry h2, .comment h2, .entry h3, .comment h3, .entry h4, .comment h4, .entry h5, .comment h5, .entry h6, .comment h6 { color: #222; font-weight: bold; line-height: 1.0em; margin: 1.2em 0 0.3em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 3.0em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 2.25em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.5em; } .entry h4, .comment h4 { font-size: 1.25em; } .entry h5, .comment h5 { font-size: 1.125em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry h6, .comment h6 { font-size: 1.0em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry ul, .comment ul{ list-style: square inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol, .comment ol{ list-style: decimal inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol{ list-style: upper-alpha inside; } .entry ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-roman inside; } .entry ol ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-alpha inside; } .entry ul ul, .comment ul ul, .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol, .entry ul ol, .comment ul ol .entry ol ul, .comment ol ul { margin-bottom: 0.2em; } dl { margin: 1em 0; } dt { font-weight: bold; } dd { margin-bottom: 1.5em; } strong { font-weight: bold; } cite, em, i { font-style: italic; } big, .big_tag { font-size: 1.3em; } ins { text-decoration: none; } code, pre { padding: 3px 8px; margin: 0 1px; background: #eeeeee; color: #222; font-size: 0.9em; font-family: Monospace, "Courier New", Courier; overflow: auto; line-height: 1.4em; } del, strike, s{ text-decoration: line-through; } pre { font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } small { font-size: 0.7em; } abbr, acronym { border-bottom: 1px dotted #666; cursor: help; } sup, sub { height: 0; line-height: 1; position: relative; vertical-align: baseline; font-size: 0.8em; } sup { bottom: 1ex; } sub { top: .5ex; } .entry var, .entry kbd, .entry tt, .entry .tt_tag { font-size: 1.1em; font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } blockquote { background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; margin: 1.2em 0; padding: 0.3em 1.2em; } blockquote cite { display: block; margin: 0.5em 0 0 0.5em; color: #777; } .entry table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: 1em 0; text-align: left; width: 100%; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { background: #e5e5e5; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr td { border-top: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr.alternate td { background: #f5f5f5; } /* Images | Gallery | Videos -------------------------------------------------------------- */ article .wp-post-image { max-width: 100%; margin: 0; height: auto; vertical-align: top; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } article .entry .wp-post-image { margin: 1.2em 2em 1em 0; height: auto; } .entry img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } .wp-caption { max-width: 100%; height: auto; text-align: center; margin: 1em 0; } .wp-caption-text { margin: 0 !important; padding: 0; font-size: 0.9em; text-align: center; } .alignleft { float: left; display: inline; margin: 1em 2em 1em 0; } .alignright { float: right; display: inline; margin: 1em 0 1em 2em; } .aligncenter { margin: 1em auto; display: block; } /* Gallery Styling */ .gallery { margin: 1em auto !important; } .gallery-item { float: left; margin: 0.7em 0 0 0 !important; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery img { margin: 0 !important; padding: 3px; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5 !important; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0.3em !important; } /* Make Vidoes responsive */ embed, iframe, object, video { max-width: 100%; } /* Image.php Navigation */ #image-nav { margin: 1em 0 2em; color: #333; } #image-nav .nav-previous { float: left; } #image-nav .nav-next { float: right; } #image-nav .nav-previous a, #image-nav .nav-next a { font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f5f5f5; background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -o-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); } #image-nav .nav-previous a:hover, #image-nav .nav-next a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } /* Search Form -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .search-form { display: block; position: relative; width: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; overflow:hidden; } .search-form .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .search-form .search-field { display: inline-block; margin: 0; width: 100%; padding: 0.7em 45px 0.7em 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #ddd; font-size: 1.0em; color: #333; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-appearance: none; } .search-form .search-submit { position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0; border: none; background: transparent; padding: 0.8em 0.7em 0 0; cursor: pointer; } .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { display: inline-block; width: 24px; height: 24px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; vertical-align: text-bottom; color: #777; content: '\f400'; } .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #333; } /* different style for searchform in topheader */ #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { padding: 0.5em 45px 0.5em 0.8em; background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05); border: none; font-size: 0.9em; color: #fff; border-left: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); border-right: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); min-width: 300px; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit { padding: 0.5em 0.4em 0 0; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { width: 18px; height: 18px; font-size: 18px; color: #ddd; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #fff; } /* Social Icons | based upon http://kovshenin.com/2014/social-menus-in-wordpress-themes/ -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .social-icons-menu { list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; line-height: 1em; } .social-icons-menu li { float: left; margin: 0 1px 0.2em 0; padding: 0; } .social-icons-menu li a { position: relative; display: inline-block; padding: 1em; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); text-decoration: none; } .social-icons-menu li a:before { display: inline-block; color: #eee; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: top; } .social-icons-menu li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.4); } .social-icons-menu li a .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .social-icons-wrap .social-icons-hint { font-size: 0.8em; color: #eee; max-width: 300px; line-height: 1.2em; } /* Add Genericons */ .social-icons-menu li a:before { content: '\f408';} /* Default Icon */ .social-icons-menu li a[href*="codepen.io"]:before { content: '\f216'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="digg.com"]:before { content: '\f221'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="dribbble.com"]:before { content: '\f201'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="facebook.com"]:before { content: '\f204'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="flickr.com"]:before { content: '\f211'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="plus.google.com"]:before { content: '\f218'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="github.com"]:before { content: '\f200'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="instagram.com"]:before { content: '\f215'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="linkedin.com"]:before { content: '\f207'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="pinterest.com"]:before { content: '\f209'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="polldaddy.com"]:before { content: '\f217'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="getpocket.com"]:before { content: '\f224'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="reddit.com"]:before { content: '\f222'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="spotify.com"]:before { content: '\f515'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype:"]:before { content: '\f220'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="stumbleupon.com"]:before { content: '\f223'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="tumblr.com"]:before { content: '\f214'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitch.tv"]:before { content: '\f516'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitter.com"]:before { content: '\f202'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="vimeo.com"]:before { content: '\f212'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.org"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.com"]:before { content: '\f205'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="youtube.com"]:before { content: '\f213'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="newsletter"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="mailto"]:before { content: '\f410'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed/"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="?feed=rss2"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.google.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.com"]:before { content: '\f413'; } /* Header Social Icons */ #header-social-icons { float: right; } /* Footer Social Icons */ #footer-social-icons { float: right; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { margin: 0; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; background: none; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { color: #eee; font-size: 16px; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } /* Comments -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #comments { margin-bottom: 2em; } #comments .comments-title, #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 1em; padding: 1em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 0; border-bottom: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-reply-title { font-size: 1.0em; } /* Comment Listing */ .commentlist { display: block; } .commentlist .comment { list-style: none; margin-bottom: 2em; } .commentlist .comment .comment-body { display: block; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; padding: 0.7em 1.2em 1.2em; width: 67%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 1.5em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .commentlist .comment .children { margin: 1.5em 0 0 1.5em; } .commentlist .comment .children .comment .comment-body { border-left: 0.5em solid #ddd; } .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .comment-meta .comment-author img { float: left; margin: 0 1em 0 0; } .comment-meta .comment-author img:after { clear: both; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn { display: inline-block; font-size: 1.1em; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0.7em; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:link, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:visited { text-decoration: underline; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:hover, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:active { text-decoration: none; } .comment-meta .bypostauthor .fn, .comment-meta .comment-author-admin .fn{ font-style: italic; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata { font-size: 0.8em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { margin: 0.4em 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:link, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:visited, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:active, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:hover { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:link, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:hover, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } .nocomments { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .commentlist .pingback { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 0 0; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; line-height: 1.3em; } /* Comment Pagination */ .comment-pagination { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; } .comment-pagination .alignleft { float: left; } .comment-pagination .alignright { float: right; } /* Comment Form */ #respond { margin: 2em 0 0; background: #fff; } #commentform { margin: 0; padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform p { margin: 0 0 1.5em; } #respond .must-log-in { padding: 1.5em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform input[type="text"], #commentform textarea { display: inline-block; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #commentform label { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0.2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; } #commentform #submit { display: block; margin: 1em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 4em; } /* Featured Content -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #featured-content-bg { background: #fff; padding-bottom: 0.5em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; } #featured-content-wrap { clear: both; padding: 1.5em 0 0; } #featured-content { margin-right: -1em; } #featured-content .featured-post { float: left; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; width: 25%; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { margin-bottom: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(4n + 1) { clear: left; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.8em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; background: #f8f8f8; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.8em 1em; background: #fff; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.05em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } /* Footer -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #footer-bg { background: #cc1111; } #footer-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #footer { color: #fff; } #footer a { color: #ddd; } #footer #footer-text { float: left; padding: 1.05em 0; font-size: 0.9em; } /*============================ MEDIA QUERIES ============================*/ /* Small screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 70em) { .container { width: 94%; } } /* Smaller screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 65em) { #featured-content .featured-post { width: 50%; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(2n + 1) { clear: left; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } } /* Tablets (landscape) | <960px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 60em) { .container { width: 100%; } #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 2em 2em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #header { padding: 2em; } #content { float: none; padding-right: 0; width: 100%; } #sidebar { clear: both; float: none; margin: 2em 0 0; width: 100%; } #logo { float: none; width: 100%; margin: 0; text-align: center; } #header-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; margin-top: 1.5em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-top: none; width: 67%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } #footer { padding: 0 2em; } /* Mobile Top Navigation */ /* Reset */ #topnav-wrap, #topnav, .top-navigation-menu, .top-navigation-menu li, .top-navigation-menu a, .top-navigation-menu ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: 0; left: 0; } #topnav { float: none; } #topnav-toggle { float: left; display: inline-block; margin: 0; padding: 0.6em 0.8em 0.7em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; color: #fff; background: none; border: none; } #topnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } #topnav-toggle:after { float: left; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 16px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; display: none; width: 100%; border-top: 1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.08); } .top-navigation-menu a { float: left; display: block; padding: 0.7em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; margin-bottom: 1px; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } /* Mobile Main Navigation */ /* Reset */ #mainnav, .main-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu a, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu ul a, .main-navigation-menu ul ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: auto; left: auto; } .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget { position: static; display: block; left: auto; top: auto; clear: left; } #mainnav { margin: 1.5em 0; float: none; } #mainnav-toggle { display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1em; width: 100%; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; text-align: left; line-height: 1.5; background: #f8f8f8; border: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #mainnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: #fff; } #mainnav-toggle:after { float: right; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 24px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .main-navigation-menu { width: 100%; display: none; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; clear: left; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu ul { float: left; padding: 1em 0; width: 100%; background: #f8f8f8; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { display: block; width: 100%; padding: 1em 1em 1em 2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: normal; border-bottom: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li ul { float: left; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul a { padding-left: 4em; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul ul a { padding-left: 6em; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle { float: right; display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1.15em 1.5em; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover:before { color: #777; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 20px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: middle; content: '\f510'; color: #222; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle.active:before { content: '\f50e'; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle { padding: 0.55em 1.2em; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 16px; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-two-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-three-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-five-columns > li { width: 100%; } .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 50%; } } /* Tablets (portrait) | <800px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 50em) { #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.3em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } .page-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.4em; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } .entry tr td { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 40em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.3em 1.3em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 20px; vertical-align: middle; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1.5em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.6em; } #footer-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; } #footer #footer-text { float: none; text-align: center; padding: 0.7em 0 1.4em; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 100%; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 34em) { #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.4em; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.6em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.0em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { max-width: 45%; margin-right: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 30em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image, #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1em 1em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.7em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 16px; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.6em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.65em; } #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.0em; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { min-width: 0; } .alignright, .alignleft { float: none; margin: 1em 0; } .entry-meta span, .postinfo span { display: block; } .postinfo .meta-comments { float: none; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 28em) { .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0; background: #fff; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.1em; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 0.95em; } } /* Big Screens Navi Fix | >720px */ @media only screen and (min-width: 60.001em) { /* ensure #nav is visible on desktop version */ .top-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu { display: block !important; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover a { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } }

Methodological root of the diploma work and thesis task

Methodological root of the diploma work and thesis task

Along the way of writing a thesis task or perhaps a diploma work, it really is required to properly formulate the subject, purpose, research tasks, object and subject. The introduction also shows the methods that have been familiar with write the thesis.

What’s a methodological basis of research?

The methodological basis of scientific studies are a couple of methods, special and basic systematic, that are utilized to publish a paper. The employment of different methods is important to get reliable, complete information that enables one to Answer all the relevant questions posed at the beginning of the thesis.

The methodological basis is the ways that help the student in other words achieve the target this is certainly set into the work. The selection of research practices hinges on the annotated following:

  • specialty,
  • the topic of work,
  • the areas of clinical research.

The importance that is practical of work is dependent on the strategy chosen to attain the target. The selected practices should really be relevant, modern, suitable when it paper writing service reviews comes to utilization of a certain task. Structured, reliable work and proper conclusions are acquired whenever technique is selected correctly and corresponds to your basis that is theoretical.

Methodological basis is a solitary method in which will assist you to achieve the set goal. To choose the way of research, it is crucial to review the faculties of every of those.

Types of methods which can be used in research

For example, think about the practices you can use to write work on therapy, sociology, pedagogy, political science:

  • The survey is an method that is extensive includes interviews, questionnaires. a easy method that is an easy task to implement, having developed a system of questions. Questioning could be the mass gathering of data on a particular subject. Participants are chosen according to the topic regarding the Survey – the criteria for selection might be age, career, gender, physiological traits regarding the respondents. To conduct a conversation, it’s important to get ready a questionnaire.
  • Experiment may be the procedure of request of a type that is particular of task. The outcomes associated with the experiment are weighed against tabulated, guide, if any.
  • Observation is a method which involves learning a specific trend, procedure, object. Observations are carried out on a daily basis,|basis that is regular according towards the authorized plan of action.
  • Analysis is really a process that is complex of an object or event in purchase to spot certain features, traits, features. A reliable analysis make objective, rational conclusions.
  • ways of induction and deduction for systematization, acquired throughout the study of problems, outcomes.

All general systematic techniques are divided in to empirical and theoretical. The category that is first test, research, findings, dimensions, evaluations, explanations. Theoretical methods consist of deduction, induction, representation, abstraction, category, formalization, as well as others.

A team of techniques being applied in the theoretical and empirical levels:

  • Synthesis may be the synthesis, synthesis of all link between the investigation.
  • Analysis could be the research of a object or process, by dividing it into elements.
  • Modeling is the method of studying problems for the duration of utilizing knowledge to move them to a object that is real. Modeling may be mathematical, topic, sign, computer.

How to pick the right approach to research?

  • Carefully study the theoretical data and additional literary works;
  • evaluate objectives;
  • The method ought to be adequate towards the object and subject of systematic research;
  • The method of research should always be scientifically verified.
  • It is advised to talk about the basis that is methodological of research with the help of a adviser that is scientific.

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