/*====================================== Theme Name: Rubine Lite Theme URI: https://themezee.com/themes/rubine/ Description: Rubine Lite is a clean and retina-ready magazine theme created with usability and simplicity in mind. The theme offers a gorgeous featured content area on the home page to highlight your most important posts. Of course the design is fully responsive and makes your content readable on every device. Version: 1.3.3 Author: ThemeZee Author URI: https://themezee.com Tags: two-columns, custom-background, custom-colors, custom-header, custom-menu, grid-layout, blog, news, editor-style, rtl-language-support, featured-image-header, featured-images, flexible-header, full-width-template, sticky-post, threaded-comments, translation-ready, theme-options, one-column, left-sidebar, right-sidebar, three-columns, four-columns Text Domain: rubine-lite License: GNU General Public License v2.0 License URI: http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html ======================================*/ /* CSS Reset | http://meyerweb.com/eric/tools/css/reset/ | v2.0 -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, blockquote, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address, big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var, b, u, i, center, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li, fieldset, form, label, legend, table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td, article, aside, canvas, details, embed, figure, figcaption, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, output, ruby, section, summary, time, mark, audio, video { margin: 0; padding: 0; border: 0; font-size: 100%; font: inherit; vertical-align: baseline; } /* HTML5 display-role reset for older browsers */ article, aside, details, figcaption, figure, footer, header, hgroup, menu, nav, section { display: block; } body { line-height: 1; } ol, ul { list-style: none; } blockquote, q { quotes: none; } blockquote:before, blockquote:after, q:before, q:after { content: ''; content: none; } table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; } /* General Styles -------------------------------------------------------------- */ html { font-size: 100.01%; } body { font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-size: 0.95em; border: 0; color: #111; background-color: #f3f3f3; } /* Links */ a, a:link, a:visited{ color: #cc1111; text-decoration: underline; } a:hover, a:active { text-decoration: none; } /* Form Elements */ input, textarea { padding: 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; font-size: 1.0em; color: #222; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } input[type="submit"] { color: #222; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } input[type="submit"]:hover { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; cursor: pointer; } /* Clearing Floats */ .clearfix:before, .clearfix:after { content: " "; display: table; } .clearfix:after { clear: both; } .clearfix { *zoom: 1; /* For IE 6/7 only */ } /* Make Form Elements responsive */ input, textarea, select { max-width: 100%; } /* Text meant only for screen readers. */ .screen-reader-text { clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px); position: absolute !important; height: 1px; width: 1px; overflow: hidden; } .screen-reader-text:focus { background-color: #f1f1f1; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: 0 0 2px 2px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.6); clip: auto !important; color: #21759b; display: block; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; font-weight: bold; height: auto; left: 5px; line-height: normal; padding: 15px 23px 14px; text-decoration: none; top: 5px; width: auto; z-index: 100000; /* Above WP toolbar. */ } /* Basic Structure -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #wrapper { width: 100%; } #header-wrap { background: #cc1111; } #header { padding: 2em 0; color: #fff; } #wrap { clear: both; padding: 2em 0 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #content { float: left; width: 72%; padding-right: 2em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #sidebar { float: right; width: 28%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .container { max-width: 1340px; width: 92%; margin: 0 auto; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Header -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #logo { float: left; margin: 0.6em 0; max-width: 100%; } #logo .site-title { display: inline-block; font-size: 2.5em; font-weight: bold; color: #fff; font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; } #logo .site-title a:link, #logo .site-title a:visited { color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-title a:hover, #logo .site-title a:active { color: #eee; text-decoration: none; } #logo .site-description { margin-top: 0.4em; color: #ddd; } #logo .custom-logo { margin: 0 1.5em 0 0; padding: 0; border: none; vertical-align: top; max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Header Image */ #custom-header-image { padding-top: 2em; } #custom-header-image img { max-width: 1320px; vertical-align: top; width: 100%; height: auto; padding: 0.8em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } /* Top Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #topheader-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #topheader #header-search { float: right; } #topnav-toggle { display: none; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu li{ float: left; position: relative; } .top-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 0.8em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; } .top-navigation-menu a:link, .top-navigation-menu a:visited{ color: #fff; text-decoration: none; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .top-navigation-menu li .sub-menu { display: none !important; } /* Navigation Menu -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #mainnav-toggle { display: none; } #mainnav-wrap { background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #mainnav { position: relative; } .main-navigation-menu { float: left; list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; } .main-navigation-menu li{ float:left; border-right: 1px solid #eaeaea; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu a:link, .main-navigation-menu a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu ul { position: absolute; display: none; z-index: 99; background: #fff; margin-left: -1px; padding: 1px; border: 1px solid #ddd; } .main-navigation-menu ul li{ float: none; position: relative; border: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { min-width: 250px; min-width: 16rem; padding: 1em; font-weight: normal; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:link, .main-navigation-menu ul a:visited { color: #333; font-size: 0.9em; text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: -2px 0 0; top: 0; left: 100%; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.page_item_has_children:hover > ul, .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item-has-children[aria-expanded="true"] > ul { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-content { line-height: 1.5; } .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget .mega-menu-widget-header-title { font-weight: bold; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget ul li a:active { text-decoration: underline; background: none; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li { display: block; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a { display: block; padding: 0.75em 1em; font-size: 14px; font-size: 0.875rem; } .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_meta ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_pages ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_categories ul li a:hover, .main-navigation-menu .mega-menu-content .widget_archive ul li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: #f8f8f8; } /* Widget Styling -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .widget { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1.5em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .widgettitle { font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; padding: 1em; margin: -1.5em -1.5em 1.5em -1.5em; color: #333; background: #f8f8f8; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget .textwidget p { margin-bottom: 1em; } .widget ul { line-height: 1.5em; } .widget ul { list-style: circle inside; color: #555; } .widget ul .children { padding: 0; margin: 0.5em 0 0.5em 1em; } .widget a:link, .widget a:visited { text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .widget a:hover, .widget a:active { text-decoration: underline; } .widget img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } /* Custom Widgets -------------------------------------------------------------- */ /* Theme Calendar Widget */ #wp-calendar { margin: 0; width: 100%; color: #444; line-height: 1.6em; } #wp-calendar th, #wp-calendar td, #wp-calendar caption { text-align: left; } #wp-calendar caption { font-style: italic; margin-bottom: 0.1em; } #wp-calendar th { font-weight: bold; font-size: 0.85em; } #wp-calendar tfoot tr td { padding-top: 0.5em; } #wp-calendar #next { padding-right: 0.8em; text-align: right; } /* Posts and Pages -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment { margin: 0 0 2em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .type-post .post-content, .type-page, .type-attachment { padding: 1.2em 1.6em 1.6em; background: #fff; } .type-post { background: #f8f8f8; } .post-content { border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Titles */ .page-title, .entry-title { font-family: 'Francois One', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; color: #cc1111; line-height: 1.4em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; text-decoration: none; } .page-title { font-size: 2.4em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title a:link, .entry-title a:visited { color: #cc1111; text-decoration: none; } .entry-title a:hover span, .entry-title a:active span { text-decoration: underline; } .entry-title .subtitle { color: #777; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; font-weight: normal; font-size: 0.55em; line-height: 1.3em; margin-bottom: 0.3em; } .entry-title a:hover .subtitle, .entry-title a:active .subtitle { text-decoration: underline; } .sticky { border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Page Links | wp_link_pages() */ .page-links { margin: 0; word-spacing: 1em; } /* Postmeta */ .entry-meta-wrap { padding: 1em 0.6em; } .entry-meta { line-height: 1.5em; font-size: 1.0em; } .entry-meta span { display: inline-block; padding: 0 0.6em; } .entry-meta a:link, .entry-meta a:visited { color: #333; } .entry-meta span:before { display: inline-block; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; font: normal 24px 'Genericons'; vertical-align: top; color: #333; margin: 0 0.2em -0.2em 0; } .entry-meta .meta-date:before{ content: '\f307'; } .entry-meta .meta-author:before{ content: '\f304'; } .entry-meta .meta-comments:before{ content: '\f300'; } .entry-meta .meta-category:before{ content: '\f301'; } .entry-meta .meta-tags:before{ content: '\f302'; } /* Archive Post Layout */ .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content { border-top: none; margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 67%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta span { display: block; padding: 0.3em 0; } /* Post Tags */ .meta-tags { margin-top: 0.8em; } .meta-tags ul { float: left; } .meta-tags ul li { float: left; margin: 0.3em 0.3em 0 0; } .meta-tags ul li strong { line-height: 2em; margin-right: 0.5em; } .meta-tags ul li a { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.5em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .meta-tags ul li a:link, .meta-tags ul li a:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .meta-tags ul li a:hover, .meta-tags ul li a:active{ color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Read more Link */ .more-link { display: inline-block; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .more-link:link, .more-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .more-link:hover, .more-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } /* Post Navigation */ .post-navigation { margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; color: #222; background: #fff; line-height: 1.5; } .post-navigation .nav-links:before, .post-navigation .nav-links:after { content: ""; display: table; } .post-navigation .nav-links:after { clear: both; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-previous { float: left; } .post-navigation .nav-links .nav-next { float: right; } /* Archives and Search Heading */ .archive-title { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-description { margin: -1rem 0 1rem; padding: 1em; line-height: 1.6; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } /* Content Pagination */ .post-pagination { margin-bottom: 2em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; } .post-pagination a { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; display: inline-block; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:link, ..post-pagination a:visited { color: #cc1111; } .post-pagination a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .post-pagination .current { padding: 0.2em 0.5em; margin-right: 0.3em; background: #cc1111; color: #fff; } /* Infinite Scroll Pagination */ .infinite-scroll .post-pagination { display: none; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span { display: inline-block; margin-bottom: 2em; padding: 0.6em 1em; font-size: 1em; font-weight: bold; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; color: #fff; background: #cc1111; } .infinite-scroll #infinite-handle span:hover { background-color: #333; } /* Breadcrumbs */ .breadcrumbs { font-weight: bold; color: #222; padding: 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse, .breadcrumbs .trail-items, .breadcrumbs .trail-items li { display: inline; line-height: 1.5; } .breadcrumbs .trail-browse { margin-right: 0.5em; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items { list-style: none; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; /* Raquo */ padding: 0 0.5em; } .trail-separator-slash .trail-items li::after { content: "\002F"; } .trail-separator-dash .trail-items li::after { content: "\2013"; } .trail-separator-bull .trail-items li::after { content: "\2022"; } .trail-separator-arrow-bracket .trail-items li::after { content: "\003e"; } .trail-separator-raquo .trail-items li::after { content: "\00bb"; } .trail-separator-single-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\2192"; } .trail-separator-double-arrow .trail-items li::after { content: "\21D2"; } .breadcrumbs .trail-items li:last-of-type::after { display: none; } /* Text Elements -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .entry { line-height: 1.6em; margin: 0; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .entry p, .comment p { margin: 0.75em 0; } .entry h1, .comment h1, .entry h2, .comment h2, .entry h3, .comment h3, .entry h4, .comment h4, .entry h5, .comment h5, .entry h6, .comment h6 { color: #222; font-weight: bold; line-height: 1.0em; margin: 1.2em 0 0.3em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 3.0em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 2.25em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.5em; } .entry h4, .comment h4 { font-size: 1.25em; } .entry h5, .comment h5 { font-size: 1.125em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry h6, .comment h6 { font-size: 1.0em; margin: 1.3em 0 0; } .entry ul, .comment ul{ list-style: square inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol, .comment ol{ list-style: decimal inside; margin: 0 0 1.5em 2em; } .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol{ list-style: upper-alpha inside; } .entry ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-roman inside; } .entry ol ol ol ol, .comment ol ol ol ol{ list-style: lower-alpha inside; } .entry ul ul, .comment ul ul, .entry ol ol, .comment ol ol, .entry ul ol, .comment ul ol .entry ol ul, .comment ol ul { margin-bottom: 0.2em; } dl { margin: 1em 0; } dt { font-weight: bold; } dd { margin-bottom: 1.5em; } strong { font-weight: bold; } cite, em, i { font-style: italic; } big, .big_tag { font-size: 1.3em; } ins { text-decoration: none; } code, pre { padding: 3px 8px; margin: 0 1px; background: #eeeeee; color: #222; font-size: 0.9em; font-family: Monospace, "Courier New", Courier; overflow: auto; line-height: 1.4em; } del, strike, s{ text-decoration: line-through; } pre { font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } small { font-size: 0.7em; } abbr, acronym { border-bottom: 1px dotted #666; cursor: help; } sup, sub { height: 0; line-height: 1; position: relative; vertical-align: baseline; font-size: 0.8em; } sup { bottom: 1ex; } sub { top: .5ex; } .entry var, .entry kbd, .entry tt, .entry .tt_tag { font-size: 1.1em; font-family: "Courier 10 Pitch", Courier, monospace; } blockquote { background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-left: 8px solid #e5e5e5; margin: 1.2em 0; padding: 0.3em 1.2em; } blockquote cite { display: block; margin: 0.5em 0 0 0.5em; color: #777; } .entry table { border-collapse: collapse; border-spacing: 0; border: 1px solid #ddd; margin: 1em 0; text-align: left; width: 100%; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { background: #e5e5e5; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr td { border-top: 1px solid #ddd; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .entry tr.alternate td { background: #f5f5f5; } /* Images | Gallery | Videos -------------------------------------------------------------- */ article .wp-post-image { max-width: 100%; margin: 0; height: auto; vertical-align: top; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } article .entry .wp-post-image { margin: 1.2em 2em 1em 0; height: auto; } .entry img { max-width: 100%; height: auto; } .wp-caption { max-width: 100%; height: auto; text-align: center; margin: 1em 0; } .wp-caption-text { margin: 0 !important; padding: 0; font-size: 0.9em; text-align: center; } .alignleft { float: left; display: inline; margin: 1em 2em 1em 0; } .alignright { float: right; display: inline; margin: 1em 0 1em 2em; } .aligncenter { margin: 1em auto; display: block; } /* Gallery Styling */ .gallery { margin: 1em auto !important; } .gallery-item { float: left; margin: 0.7em 0 0 0 !important; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery img { margin: 0 !important; padding: 3px; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5 !important; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0.3em !important; } /* Make Vidoes responsive */ embed, iframe, object, video { max-width: 100%; } /* Image.php Navigation */ #image-nav { margin: 1em 0 2em; color: #333; } #image-nav .nav-previous { float: left; } #image-nav .nav-next { float: right; } #image-nav .nav-previous a, #image-nav .nav-next a { font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; text-decoration: none; padding: 0.5em 1em; text-decoration: none; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f5f5f5; background-image: -webkit-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -moz-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -o-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: -ms-linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); background-image: linear-gradient(#fdfdfd 0%, #e8e8e8 100%); } #image-nav .nav-previous a:hover, #image-nav .nav-next a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } /* Search Form -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .search-form { display: block; position: relative; width: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; overflow:hidden; } .search-form .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .search-form .search-field { display: inline-block; margin: 0; width: 100%; padding: 0.7em 45px 0.7em 0.7em; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #ddd; font-size: 1.0em; color: #333; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; -webkit-appearance: none; } .search-form .search-submit { position: absolute; top: 0; right: 0; border: none; background: transparent; padding: 0.8em 0.7em 0 0; cursor: pointer; } .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { display: inline-block; width: 24px; height: 24px; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; font-weight: normal; font-style: normal; vertical-align: text-bottom; color: #777; content: '\f400'; } .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #333; } /* different style for searchform in topheader */ #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { padding: 0.5em 45px 0.5em 0.8em; background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.05); border: none; font-size: 0.9em; color: #fff; border-left: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); border-right: 1px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, 0.08); min-width: 300px; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit { padding: 0.5em 0.4em 0 0; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit .genericon-search { width: 18px; height: 18px; font-size: 18px; color: #ddd; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-submit:hover .genericon-search { color: #fff; } /* Social Icons | based upon http://kovshenin.com/2014/social-menus-in-wordpress-themes/ -------------------------------------------------------------- */ .social-icons-menu { list-style-type: none; list-style-position: outside; line-height: 1em; } .social-icons-menu li { float: left; margin: 0 1px 0.2em 0; padding: 0; } .social-icons-menu li a { position: relative; display: inline-block; padding: 1em; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); text-decoration: none; } .social-icons-menu li a:before { display: inline-block; color: #eee; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; font-size: 24px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: top; } .social-icons-menu li a:hover { text-decoration: none; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.4); } .social-icons-menu li a .screen-reader-text { display: none; } .social-icons-wrap .social-icons-hint { font-size: 0.8em; color: #eee; max-width: 300px; line-height: 1.2em; } /* Add Genericons */ .social-icons-menu li a:before { content: '\f408';} /* Default Icon */ .social-icons-menu li a[href*="codepen.io"]:before { content: '\f216'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="digg.com"]:before { content: '\f221'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="dribbble.com"]:before { content: '\f201'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="facebook.com"]:before { content: '\f204'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="flickr.com"]:before { content: '\f211'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="plus.google.com"]:before { content: '\f218'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="github.com"]:before { content: '\f200'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="instagram.com"]:before { content: '\f215'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="linkedin.com"]:before { content: '\f207'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="pinterest.com"]:before { content: '\f209'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="polldaddy.com"]:before { content: '\f217'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="getpocket.com"]:before { content: '\f224'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="reddit.com"]:before { content: '\f222'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="spotify.com"]:before { content: '\f515'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="skype:"]:before { content: '\f220'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="stumbleupon.com"]:before { content: '\f223'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="tumblr.com"]:before { content: '\f214'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitch.tv"]:before { content: '\f516'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="twitter.com"]:before { content: '\f202'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="vimeo.com"]:before { content: '\f212'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.org"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="wordpress.com"]:before { content: '\f205'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="youtube.com"]:before { content: '\f213'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="newsletter"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="mailto"]:before { content: '\f410'; } .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="/feed/"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="?feed=rss2"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.google.com"]:before, .social-icons-menu li a[href*="feedburner.com"]:before { content: '\f413'; } /* Header Social Icons */ #header-social-icons { float: right; } /* Footer Social Icons */ #footer-social-icons { float: right; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { margin: 0; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; background: none; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { color: #eee; font-size: 16px; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } /* Comments -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #comments { margin-bottom: 2em; } #comments .comments-title, #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 1em; padding: 1em; font-weight: bold; color: #222; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #f8f8f8; line-height: 1.5em; } #respond #reply-title { margin-bottom: 0; border-bottom: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-reply-title { font-size: 1.0em; } /* Comment Listing */ .commentlist { display: block; } .commentlist .comment { list-style: none; margin-bottom: 2em; } .commentlist .comment .comment-body { display: block; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; } .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; padding: 0.7em 1.2em 1.2em; width: 67%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; line-height: 1.5em; -ms-word-wrap: break-word; word-wrap: break-word; } .commentlist .comment .children { margin: 1.5em 0 0 1.5em; } .commentlist .comment .children .comment .comment-body { border-left: 0.5em solid #ddd; } .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .comment-meta .comment-author img { float: left; margin: 0 1em 0 0; } .comment-meta .comment-author img:after { clear: both; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn { display: inline-block; font-size: 1.1em; font-weight: bold; margin: 0.3em 0 0.7em; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:link, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:visited { text-decoration: underline; } .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:hover, .comment-meta .comment-author .fn a:active { text-decoration: none; } .comment-meta .bypostauthor .fn, .comment-meta .comment-author-admin .fn{ font-style: italic; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata { font-size: 0.8em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { margin: 0.4em 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:link, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:visited, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:active, .comment-meta .commentmetadata a:hover { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link { display: inline-block; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; padding: 0.3em 1em; background: #f8f8f8; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-transition: all 0.2s ease; -moz-transition: all 0.2s ease; -o-transition: all 0.2s ease; -ms-transition: all 0.2s ease; transition: all 0.2s ease; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:link, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:visited { color: #222; text-decoration: none; } .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:hover, .comment-content .comment-entry .comment-reply-link:active { color: #cc1111; background: #fff; border: 1px solid #cc1111; box-shadow: inset 0.3em 0 0 #cc1111; } .nocomments { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; } .commentlist .pingback { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 0 0; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; list-style: none; line-height: 1.3em; } /* Comment Pagination */ .comment-pagination { font-size: 0.9em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; padding: 0.2em 1em; margin-bottom: 1em; } .comment-pagination .alignleft { float: left; } .comment-pagination .alignright { float: right; } /* Comment Form */ #respond { margin: 2em 0 0; background: #fff; } #commentform { margin: 0; padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform p { margin: 0 0 1.5em; } #respond .must-log-in { padding: 1.5em; border: 1px solid #e5e5e5; } #commentform input[type="text"], #commentform textarea { display: inline-block; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #commentform label { display: block; margin: 0.6em 0 0.2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: bold; } #commentform #submit { display: block; margin: 1em 0 0; padding: 0.8em 4em; } /* Featured Content -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #featured-content-bg { background: #fff; padding-bottom: 0.5em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; } #featured-content-wrap { clear: both; padding: 1.5em 0 0; } #featured-content { margin-right: -1em; } #featured-content .featured-post { float: left; padding-right: 1em; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; width: 25%; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { margin-bottom: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(4n + 1) { clear: left; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.8em; border-bottom: 1px solid #ddd; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; background: #f8f8f8; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.8em 1em; background: #fff; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.05em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } /* Footer -------------------------------------------------------------- */ #footer-bg { background: #cc1111; } #footer-wrap { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.25); } #footer { color: #fff; } #footer a { color: #ddd; } #footer #footer-text { float: left; padding: 1.05em 0; font-size: 0.9em; } /*============================ MEDIA QUERIES ============================*/ /* Small screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 70em) { .container { width: 94%; } } /* Smaller screens | <1120px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 65em) { #featured-content .featured-post { width: 50%; } #featured-content .featured-post:nth-child(2n + 1) { clear: left; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } } /* Tablets (landscape) | <960px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 60em) { .container { width: 100%; } #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 2em 2em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #header { padding: 2em; } #content { float: none; padding-right: 0; width: 100%; } #sidebar { clear: both; float: none; margin: 2em 0 0; width: 100%; } #logo { float: none; width: 100%; margin: 0; text-align: center; } #header-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; margin-top: 1.5em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; line-height: 1.5em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 33%; border-left: 1px solid #e5e5e5; border-top: none; width: 67%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: left; width: 33%; padding: 0.8em 0.8em 0; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } #footer { padding: 0 2em; } /* Mobile Top Navigation */ /* Reset */ #topnav-wrap, #topnav, .top-navigation-menu, .top-navigation-menu li, .top-navigation-menu a, .top-navigation-menu ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: 0; left: 0; } #topnav { float: none; } #topnav-toggle { float: left; display: inline-block; margin: 0; padding: 0.6em 0.8em 0.7em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; color: #fff; background: none; border: none; } #topnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } #topnav-toggle:after { float: left; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 16px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .top-navigation-menu { float: left; display: none; width: 100%; border-top: 1px solid rgba(255,255,255,0.08); } .top-navigation-menu a { float: left; display: block; padding: 0.7em 1em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 0.8em; text-transform: uppercase; margin-bottom: 1px; } .top-navigation-menu a:hover { background: rgba(0,0,0,0.2); } .top-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .top-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } /* Mobile Main Navigation */ /* Reset */ #mainnav, .main-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu a, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu ul a, .main-navigation-menu ul ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul { margin: 0; padding: 0; position: static; float: none; display: inline; font-size: 1.0em; border: none; box-shadow: none; background: none; top: auto; left: auto; } .main-navigation-menu li, .main-navigation-menu ul, .main-navigation-menu li ul ul, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-content .mega-menu-widget { position: static; display: block; left: auto; top: auto; clear: left; } #mainnav { margin: 1.5em 0; float: none; } #mainnav-toggle { display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1em; width: 100%; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; font-family: 'Carme', Tahoma, Verdana, Arial; text-align: left; line-height: 1.5; background: #f8f8f8; border: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } #mainnav-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; background: #fff; } #mainnav-toggle:after { float: right; margin: 0; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; display: inline-block; content: '\f419'; font: normal 24px/1 Genericons; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: text-bottom; } .main-navigation-menu { width: 100%; display: none; border-bottom: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu a { display: block; padding: 1.3em; text-decoration: none; font-size: 1.0em; font-weight: bold; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; background: #fff; clear: left; } .main-navigation-menu a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } .main-navigation-menu ul { float: left; padding: 1em 0; width: 100%; background: #f8f8f8; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a { display: block; width: 100%; padding: 1em 1em 1em 2em; font-size: 0.9em; font-weight: normal; border-bottom: none; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul a:hover { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu ul li ul { float: left; width: 100%; -webkit-box-sizing: border-box; -moz-box-sizing: border-box; box-sizing: border-box; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul a { padding-left: 4em; } .main-navigation-menu ul ul ul a { padding-left: 6em; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu li.current_page_item ul li a, .main-navigation-menu li.current-menu-item ul li a{ text-decoration: none; } .main-navigation-menu ul li.current_page_item a, .main-navigation-menu ul li.current-menu-item a { text-decoration: underline; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle { float: right; display: block; margin: 0; padding: 1.15em 1.5em; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover { cursor: pointer; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:hover:before { color: #777; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 20px; line-height: 1; font-family: 'Genericons'; -webkit-font-smoothing: antialiased; -moz-osx-font-smoothing: grayscale; text-decoration: inherit; vertical-align: middle; content: '\f510'; color: #222; } .main-navigation-menu .submenu-dropdown-toggle.active:before { content: '\f50e'; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle { padding: 0.55em 1.2em; } .main-navigation-menu ul .submenu-dropdown-toggle:before { font-size: 16px; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-two-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-three-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-five-columns > li { width: 100%; } .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 50%; } } /* Tablets (portrait) | <800px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 50em) { #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.3em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .post-content, .commentlist .comment .comment-content { margin-left: 0; border-left: none; border-top: 1px solid #e5e5e5; width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap, .commentlist .comment .comment-meta { float: none; width: 100%; padding: 0.8em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: left; margin-right: 2em; max-width: 50%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0.5em; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: inline; padding: 0 0.4em; } .page-title { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry h1, .comment h1 { font-size: 2.2em; } .entry h2, .comment h2 { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry h3, .comment h3 { font-size: 1.4em; } .entry tr th, .entry thead th { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } .entry tr td { padding: 0.2em 0.4em; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 40em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image { padding: 1.5em 1.5em 0; } #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1.3em 1.3em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.9em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 20px; vertical-align: middle; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1.5em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 2.0em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.6em; } #footer-social-icons { float: none; text-align: center; } #footer-social-icons .social-icons-menu li { float: none; display: inline-block; margin: 0 -2px 2px 0; } #footer #footer-text { float: none; text-align: center; padding: 0.7em 0 1.4em; } /* Mega Menu Styling */ .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-four-columns > li, .mega-menu-item .mega-menu-six-columns > li { width: 100%; } } /* Phablets (portrait) | <640px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 34em) { #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0.4em; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.6em; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 1.0em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { max-width: 45%; margin-right: 1em; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 0; } .comment-meta .commentmetadata p { display: block; padding: 0; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 30em) { #wrap, #custom-header-image, #featured-content-wrap { padding: 1em 1em 0; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a { padding: 0.7em; } #header-social-icons .social-icons-menu li a:before { font-size: 16px; } .type-post, .type-page, .type-attachment, .widget { margin: 0 0 1em 0; } .page-title { font-size: 1.8em; } .entry-title { font-size: 1.6em; } .entry-title .subtitle { font-size: 0.65em; } #logo .site-title { font-size: 2.0em; } #topheader #header-search .search-form .search-field { min-width: 0; } .alignright, .alignleft { float: none; margin: 1em 0; } .entry-meta span, .postinfo span { display: block; } .postinfo .meta-comments { float: none; } } /* Smartphones | <480px */ @media only screen and (max-width: 28em) { .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta-wrap .wp-post-image { float: none; margin-right: 0; max-width: 100%; } .archive-post.has-post-thumbnail .entry-meta { margin-top: 1em; } #featured-content .featured-post .type-post { border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-thumbnail { padding: 0; background: #fff; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .featured-post-content { padding: 0.4em 0.1em; border: none; } #featured-content .featured-post .entry-title { font-size: 0.95em; } } /* Big Screens Navi Fix | >720px */ @media only screen and (min-width: 60.001em) { /* ensure #nav is visible on desktop version */ .top-navigation-menu, .main-navigation-menu { display: block !important; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover a { background: #fff; } .main-navigation-menu li.menu-item:hover ul a:hover { background: #f8f8f8; } }

Preparing a speech. Steps to make language convincing and effective

Preparing a speech. Steps to make language convincing and effective

Rhetoric (offering general public speeches) was considered a form of art, in contrast to an actor’s play, poetry taking into consideration the necessary imagination, the religious pleasure supplied by public “reflection aloud.” But, unlike other philological sciences, rhetoric has been over and over repeatedly criticized as “empty language”. Critique in theory has visit the site right here become from the generalization associated with the requirements regarding the speaker to capture, convince, satisfy, which are subordinated to your speaker of this market, make him a cook whom likes the taste of this gastronomy.

Reputation for the rhetorical art

When the meaning becomes the covetousness that the driver gains, it could only achieve success by changing rhetorical theory, along with training. A language that doesn’t lead to action, will not induce one thing, it really is an empty speech. Battling with empty language is only able to be one of the ways: to alter the ethos, the sort of combination involving the receiver for the language therefore the creator for the language, that will replace the pathos and logos.

Plato in “Gorgias” put a finish to this “bravery” by differentiating the ethos criterion, forcing their opponents to argue perhaps not on uncertain, extracurricular ethical needs, but on differentiated, definite, especially dialectical ones. The effectiveness of Aristotle’s “rhetoric” is precisely within the division of languages into species.

The views of Cicero return rhetoric to dialectics. Aristotle’s “analysts” start with an analysis regarding the assumptions associated with language. Aristotle considered only a few but only “correct” assumptions, realizing not merely grammatical, but correctness that is semantic as there are numerous genuine propositions, the idea of that will be ridiculous.

The development of logic generated the emergence of symbolic logic, for which a system that is vast of was created. Rational rhetoric and rational grammar were in reality directed at developing a logically correct language due to their function. Rational rhetoric has built an analytical and procedure that is synthetic. A connection was formed in the form of terms – questions whose content gives an idea of??the subject of thought, and not about the form of thought between grammar and rhetoric.

Rational analysis in rhetoric as a way of rhetorical critique

A similar analysis in rhetoric can simply be achieved through a thesaurus. Beyond your thesaurus, logic cannot be placed on a work that is verbal. The text between logic, rhetoric and grammar passes through common areas and subjects.

Under typical places is generally recognized higher quantities of lexical values regarding the thesaurus, and under the subject – lower levels. The topography varies according to ethos, initiates pathos and proper logos.

When planning for a general public protect regarding the paper, such as for instance diploma, thesis, dissertation, student has to discover at the least the essential rules of writing a speech that is proper make use of them. Composing a good paper is 50 % of the best way to success. Its protection plays a role that is significant the evaluation procedure aswell. Usually, defense takes place in the front of:

  • the teacher,
  • board of evaluation committee,
  • other students.

For this reason your speech must attention every one of the mentioned. Remember their differences and unite them in your message.

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